This patient has a marked hallux valgus deformity in bothfeet. As the first toe migrates more and more to valgus, it presses againstthe second toe, and may aggravate dorsal clawing of the second toe, whichis usually initiated by overload of the second metatarsal and synovitisof the metatarsophalangeal joint. Also note the relative hyperostosis ofthe second metatarsal shafts compared to the third and fourth, as well asdorsal rotation of the fibular sesamoids. Hallux valgus occurs commonly in osteoarthritis which is due to wear and tear of the joints. As a result of disease in the joint, the big toe can more easily become hallux valgus. The main cause of bunions is genetics, but they can also be caused by bad footwear and improper technique, or sometimes in ballet dancers starting pointe work too early or with ill fitting pointe shoes. Make sure that all your shoes fit properly, and the big toe joint should always line up straight with the metatarsal. When practising your ballet dancing, avoid winging your foot (this is sticking the big toe forward when pointing) or putting sideways pressure on your big toe. Also, when you close your feet to fifth position, avoid using to much forceful pressure on the floor. For bunion correction, people use splint during night or while walking. It helps in bunion relief by stabilizing the foot, rectifying the incorrect placing of the toe, and increasing the flexibility of the big toe. It also decreases the strain on the other toes and allows them to extend comfortably inside the shoe. The splint is made of a very lightweight material with rounded straps that helps it to mold itself according to the foot contour. The Hallux abductus angle should normally be < 20 degree. It is identified as the intersection of the lines that bisect and pass through the proximal phalanx and first metatarsal. The medical term for a bunion is Hallux Valgus and it is one of the most common foot deformities. There is a genetic component to bunions but is typically just faulty foot mechanics like flat feet, which can be a big contributor to a bunion. However, an even larger contributor to the development of bunions is the footwear that is worn. For example, if you over-pronate, which is the rolling in of the foot at the ankle joint, you are already prone to bunions. If you add tight shoes to this problem, you will most likely develop a painful bunion along with calluses and possibly a hammer toe. A bunion is an abnormal, bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. Bunions form when your big toe pushes up against your other toes, forcing your big toe joint in the opposite direction, away from normal profile of your foot. Over time, the abnormal position enlarges your big toe joint, further crowding your other toes and causing pain. They're still bored, working hard for treats, and not interested in my food at all. Here I am getting a tummy massage. It's kinda cute! The incisions used in our minimally invasive surgery are just 3mm - the diameter of the lead in a pencil. Hallux rigidus is a condition caused by arthritis at the base of your big toe. This condition leads to a bone spur that results in the inability to bend your big toe when walking or performing other activities. Hallux rigidus can result in pain when walking, swelling, and the inability to move the big toe up and down. Check in with your doctor to determine whether these exercises are right for your condition. Flexion/Extension Exercises Although plastic surgery is becoming much more common and affordable for the average consumer, it is still important to remember that when considering having a procedure performed that there are risks involved. read more During the first part of my residency, base wedge osteotomies were the norm. We would commonly do them bilaterally, with or without a pin for fixation, and use circlage wire across the osteotomy. Patients usually walked on these osteotomies the day of surgery. Today, a base wedge would not be treated in this manner. The latter days of my training revolved around the Austin procedure. At first, we would not fixate the capital fragment but after a couple of metatarsal heads dislocated, they were all fixated. The Austin was certainly easier to perform than the base wedges and healed a lot faster with fewer complications. The symptoms of hallux usually center on the bunion. The bunion is painful. The severe hallux valgus deformity is also distressing to many and becomes a cosmetic problem. Finding appropriate shoe wear can become difficult, especially for women who desire to be fashionable but have difficulty tolerating fashionable shoe wear. Finally, increasing deformity begins to displace the second toe upward, and may create a situation where the second toe is constantly rubbing on the shoe. Diagnosis The 3pp Bunion-Aider is lined in a non-slip, breathable foam that helps hold the splint in place and provides comfortable cushioning. The 3pp Bunion-Aider can easily be adjusted to tolerance.